Don Crespin Torres became an orphan at an early age. At 2 ½ his mother died and seven months later his father also died, and he lived with his grandfather Juan Montoya. From 5 to 13, he lived in the house of his first cousin, Hon. Candelario Garcia and later with his aunt Lupe Torres de Baca, where he lived until he married Senorita Andreita (Trujillo)....
This story piqued my interest, so I decided to do some census research. I first began by trying to find information about his aunt Lupe Torres de Baca.
Maria Guadalupe Torres was born on 17 February 1812 in Los Garcias, NM. Her parents were Santiago and Maria Barbara Ortiz. Her first husband Francisco Antonio Garcia married her on 23 February 1825 in Socorro, NM. Francisco Garcia, the son of Francisco Xavier Garcia Jurado and Maria Josefa Sanchez, was born circa 1800. Francisco Antonio Garcia's family was enumerated in the 1833 Mexican Census of Socorro, NM:
Fran(cisco) Antonio GARCIA 33
Gualupe TORES 24
Juana Maria 6
Jose Candelario 4
Juan Maria 2
Ramirez Alief, Teresa, et al, New Mexico Census of 1833 and 1845: Socorro and Surrounding Communities of the Rio Abajo, (New Mexico Genealogical Society, Albuquerque, NM. 1994), p. 6.
Francisco and Guadalupe Garcia happen to be my 4th great-grandparents on my mother's side:
1 Francisco Antonio Garcia 1800 -
.. +Maria Guadalupe Torres 1812 -
.. 2 Juana Maria Garcia 1828 -
...... +Felipe Padilla 1815 -
....... 3 Maria Guadalupe Padilla - 1920
........... +Jose Epitacio Torres 1858 -
............ 4 Delfina Torres 1893 - 1978
................ +Esteban Zimmerly 1887 - 1936
................. 5 Maria Paublita Zimmerly 1909 -
..................... +Santiago Baca 1907 - 1961
...................... 6 Frances Rosaline Baca 1934 - 1999
.......................... +Robert Carlos Baca 1932 - 1999
........................... 7 Robert J. C. Baca
After Francisco Antonio Garcia's death, Maria Guadalupe Torres married Pedro Antonio Baca on 24 October 1834 in Socorro, NM. Pedro Antonio Baca was born circa 1807 to Juan Dionosio Baca and Maria Rita Pino. Pedro Baca's family was enumerated in the 1845 Mexican Census of Socorro, NM:
(married) Pedro BACA 38
M(aria) Guadalupe TORRES 30
Jose Candelaria 13
Juan Maria 11
Juan Pomoseno 10
M(aria) Ysabel 8
M(aria) Paubla 4
Juan Jose 1
M(aria) Rosalia 12
Ramirez Alief, Teresa, et al, New Mexico Census of 1833 and 1845: Socorro and Surrounding Communities of the Rio Abajo, (New Mexico Genealogical Society, Albuquerque, NM. 1994), p. 57.
In the same 1845 census (page 75), Crespin Torres' parents and four of his brothers are listed as living in San Miguelito de las Canas, NM. Since Crespin was not born until 2 years after the census, he is not listed in the household.
It appears that Jose Candelaria, Juan Maria and Juan Promoseno (Nepomuceno?) are all Garcia children from Guadalupe's first marriage. Maria Rosalia and Sebastian appear to be the Baca's servants mentioned in the 1860 census.
By 1860, Crespin Torres and his brother Carmelo (Canuto?)were living in the Pedro Baca household:
1860 United States Census, Socorro, New Mexico
Dwelling #72; Family #76
Baca, Pedro; 55 years old; male; merchant and farmer; $2,000 Real Property; $17,000 Personal Property; Birthplace: New Mexico
Baca, Maria Guadalupe; 45 years old; female; Birthplace: New Mexico
Baca, Juan Nepomuceno; 25 years old; male; Birthplace: New Mexico
Baca, Marcos; 23 years old; male, Birthplace: New Mexico
Baca, Juan Jose; 16 years old; male; Birthplace: New Mexico
Baca, Severo; 13 years old; male; Birthplace: New Mexico
Baca, Maria Rita; 11 years old; female; Birthplace: New Mexico
Baca, Maria Catarina; 8 years old; female; Birthplace: New Mexico
Baca, Rosalia; 28 years old; female; Indian; Servant; Birthplace: Apache
Baca, Maria Susana; 11 years old; female; Indian; Servant; Birthplace: Apache
Baca, Maria Petra; 10 years old; female; Indian; Birthplace: Apache
Baca, Sebastian; 25 years old; male; Servant; Birthplace: Sonora, New Mexico
Sais, Maria Figenia; 18 years old; female; Servant; Birthplace: New Mexico
Torres, Jose Carmelo; 21 years old; male; Laborer; $300 Real Property; $500 Personal Property; Birthplace: New Mexico
Torres, Jose Crespin; 11 years old; male; Birthplace: New Mexico
1860 New Mexico Census, Socorro, New Mexico, Socorro County, page no. 10. Transcribed by Virginia Grace. Copyright 2006. http://ftp.rootsweb.com/pub/usgenweb/nm/socorro/census/1860/pg001.txt. Retrieved 25 July 2007.
Juan Nepocumeno Baca is probably Juan Nepocumeno Garcia, Guadalupe's son from her first marriage. This census shows that the Baca's had five servants in their household, including children. Since slavery was allowed in New Mexico at this time and since Maria Rosalie and Sebastian had been in the Baca household for at least 15 years, it is most likely that these servants were actually slaves.
Crespin married Andreita Trujillo on 5 April 1869. At that time he moved out of his aunt Guadalupe's home.
NOTE: this post is not complete. I want to research the 1850 United States census to see where Crespin was living at that time.